United States: detailed travel guide

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United States: detailed travel guide

United States: detailed travel guide

The United States of America (often referred to simply as the United States, America or the USA) is a federal constitutional republic consisting of 50 states and the Federal District of Columbia with Washington as its capital. The country is located mainly in the center of North America. 48 states and the Federal District of Columbia lie between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, Canada in the north and Mexico in the south. The state of Alaska is located in the northwest of the continent, borders Canada to the east and has a water border with Russia to the west in the Bering Strait. The state of Hawaii is located on an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean. The country also has several more island territories, and, for example, the island of Puerto Rico is a US-administered territory, but not completely subordinate.

With an area of 9.83 million km2 and a population of 327,167,434 people, the United States ranks third in terms of total area and population. The USA is one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse countries. The US economy is the largest in the world with a GDP of $18,558 billion.

The nation was formed by thirteen British colonies located along the Atlantic coast. On July 4, 1776, they signed the Declaration of Independence proclaiming their independence from Great Britain. The rebellious states won the War of Independence against Great Britain, the first successful colonial war of its kind. The Philadelphia Convention adopted the Constitution of the United States on September 17, 1787; its ratification the following year made the states part of a single republic with a strong central government. The Bill of Rights, which included ten constitutional amendments and guaranteed many civil rights and freedoms, was ratified in 1791.

In the 19th century, the United States acquired territories belonging to France, Spain, Great Britain, Mexico and Russia, and also annexed the Republic of Texas and the Republic of Hawaii. Conflicts between the agrarian South and the industrial North over states’ rights and the spread of slavery sparked the American Civil War in the 1860s. The victory of the North prevented the gradual split of the country and led to the end of legal slavery in the United States. By the 1870s, the national economy had become the largest in the world. The Spanish-American War and the First World War confirmed the status of the country’s armed forces. In 1945 The United States emerged from World War II as the first country with nuclear weapons, a permanent member of the UN Security Council and one of the founders of NATO. The end of the Cold War and the split of the Soviet Union made the United States the only world superpower. Now this country accounts for about 50% of global military spending, and it is also a leader in the global economy, politics and culture.

Geography

The total area of 48 states is about 9.5 million m2. Alaska, separated from the United States by Canada, is the largest state with an area of 1.7 million km2. Hawaii, occupying an archipelago in the center of the Pacific Ocean, southwest of North America, has an area of 28,311 km2. After Russia and Canada, the United States ranks third or fourth in the world in total area, competing with China. The location of the USA depends on how the two disputed regions between India and China are taken into account, as well as on how the total area is calculated: according to the CIA World Factbook, the area is 9,826,630 km2, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica — 9,522,055 km2. Considering only the area of the territory above sea level, the United States ranks third after Russia and China.

The proximity of the western territories to the Atlantic Ocean causes the presence of deciduous trees and hills in Piedmont. The Appalachians separate the east coast from the Great Lakes and plains of the Midwest. The Mississippi and Missouri Rivers (together the fourth longest river system in the world) flow mainly from north to south through the center of the country. The flat, fertile prairies of the Great Plains stretching to the west are interrupted by a high-altitude region to the southeast. The Rocky Mountains to the west of the Great Plains stretch from north to south of the camp, reaching heights of more than 4,300 m in Colorado. Further to the west is a rocky Large Basin and deserts. The Sierra Nevada and Cascade Mountains lie not far from the coast of the Pacific Ocean. With a height of 6,194, Mount McKinley in Alaska is the highest point in the United States. Active volcanoes are often found on the islands of Alexander and Aleutia in Alaska, as well as on some Hawaiian islands. The supervolcano is located under Yellowstone National Park in the Rocky Mountains.

In the USA, with their large size and geographical diversity, almost all climatic types are represented. To the east, the climate varies from humid continental in the north to humid subtropical in the south. The southern part of the Florida peninsula is located in the tropical belt, as is Hawaii. The Great Valleys in the west are semi-deserts. The western mountains remind of the Alpine climate. The climate is hot in the Great Basin region, desert in the southwest, Mediterranean off the coast of California and oceanic off Oregon, Washington and southern Alaska. In most of the territory of Alaska, a subarctic or polar climate prevails. The USA is characterized by climatic jumps, especially in the states bordering the Gulf of Mexico, where there are many tornadoes and hurricanes.

The ecology of the United States is considered diverse; for example, the flora includes about 17,000 species of various plants on the mainland and about 1,800 species in the state of Hawaii, which are usually endemic. There are about 400 mammals, 750 birds and 500 reptiles and amphibians living in the USA, as well as about 91,000 insects. The Endangered Species Act of 1973 protects endangered species that are monitored by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. There are fifty-eight national parks and hundreds of federal parks, forests and reserves. In total, the government owns 28.8% of the country’s territory. Most of this territory is protected, although in some places gas, mining, forestry and oil fields are being developed; 2.4% of the territory is used for military purposes.

How to get

How to get

How to get

Of course, the most logical and convenient way to get to the USA is to fly to New York, because without the “Big Apple” it is difficult to imagine any tourist program across the States.

Climate and weather in the USA

Due to its impressive size, various types of climate can be found in the USA: from polar in Alaska to tropical in the Hawaiian Islands and the south of the Florida Peninsula. Most states are located in a temperate climate zone, so there are quite high temperatures in the summer months, and in winter frosts with an abundance of precipitation are not uncommon. California is located in the Mediterranean climate zone — summers are hot and dry there (sometimes this leads to large forest fires), and in winter the temperature rarely drops below +10 Celsius. The northwestern United States with the states of Oregon, Washington and Idaho receives a huge amount of precipitation in winter, both in summer and in winter.

Climate and weather in the USA

Climate and weather in the USA

The Great Plains west of the Rocky Mountains and the Great Basin (mainly the territory of Nevada and Utah) are quite arid regions. In addition, the Great Plains in the states of the so-called Midwest are the “homeland” of constant tornadoes, which often cause deaths. In states such as Louisiana, a subtropical climate prevails, and due to the proximity to the Gulf of Mexico, hurricanes and tropical storms sometimes hit the coast in August and December. Air flows from the Gulf of Mexico are also the cause of heavy snowfall in the densely populated northeast of the country.

Cities and regions

The state consists of 50 states that are equal subjects of the federation; the Metropolitan Federal District of Columbia and dependent territories. Each state has its own constitution, legislative, executive and judicial powers. Most of the names of the states come from the names of Indian tribes and the names of the kings of England and France.

States are divided into districts — smaller administrative units. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there are 3,141 counties in the country. The smallest number of counties in Delaware (3), the largest in Texas (254). The powers of the district administration and the relationship with the municipal authorities of the settlements located on their territory vary greatly from state to state. The local life of settlements is managed by municipalities.

A special status has been established for unincorporated territories (Puerto Rico, Guam, the Federation of Micronesia, the Virgin Islands, Eastern Samoa, etc.): these territories have an advisory voice and theoretically can terminate or suspend their privileged relations with Washington.

Regions of the USA

Idaho
Iowa
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
Wyoming
Vermont
Virginia
Wisconsin
Hawaii
Delaware
Georgia
West Virginia
Illinois
Indiana
California
Kansas
Kentucky
Colorado
Connecticut
Louisiana
Massachusetts
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Michigan
Montana
Maine
Maryland
Nebraska
Nevada
New Jersey
New Mexico
New Hampshire
Ohio
Oklahoma
District of Columbia
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
North Dakota
North Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Florida
Washington State
New York State
South Dakota
South Carolina
Utah

What to see

The sights of the USA are scattered all over the country — from New York to Seattle. These are numerous city monuments and various buildings, as well as natural objects, primarily national parks. It is unrealistic to visit all this in a one or two-week trip, but it is quite possible to visit some part or a separate region.

Attractions

Attractions in the USA

Attractions in the USA

Most Russians coming to the States cannot pass New York, where Manhattan alone holds a huge number of historically significant buildings, museums and monuments. Nearby is Liberty Island with the Statue of Liberty, which can be reached by special ferries. Museums in New York deserve special attention, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the MOMA Museum of Modern Art. It is impossible to pass by the legendary skyscrapers of the city — the Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building. More information about the sights of the city can be found in a special section.

Washington, the capital of the country, is located four hours away from New York, where there are also a number of world-famous objects, including the Capitol, the White House, which is the residence of the US president, as well as one of the symbols of the city — the Washington Monument, which is a huge granite obelisk.

Being in the northeast of the USA, it would be stupid not to get to Niagara Falls — you can do it yourself, or you can take tours. In any case, it’s an impressive sight. Many people will surely like Chicago, famous for its skyscrapers (including the highest in the country — Willis Tower), Millennium Park and the Art Institute of Chicago Museum.

In the southeast of the country is the popular tourist state of Florida with the resorts of Miami and Key West. And California on the West Coast is generally one of the most curious states (and the most populous). Cities such as Los Angeles and San Francisco serve as the target of a huge number of tourists. In Los Angeles, many are attracted to Hollywood with its “Walk of Fame” and Universal Studios, Venice Beach, the Getty Museum and a number of other places. The symbol of San Francisco is the Golden Gate Bridge, as well as the Alcatraz prison in the city Bay. In Seattle, tourists first rush to climb the Space Needle tower.

National Parks

Perhaps no country in the world is famous for such zeal in the protection of natural reserves as the United States. US national parks are a kind of analogue of the country’s gold and foreign exchange reserve, which is both a permanent magnet for tourists and a subject of national pride. Is it worth talking about the beauty of American nature reserves, many of which are familiar from films, pictures in books and postcards, and someone is probably lucky to see firsthand the grandeur of the Grand Canyon, Yosemite Falls or Yellowstone geysers. In general, the national parks of America should definitely be included in any program of visiting the country and not limited to cities. The parks are monitored by a special federal National Park Service of the United States, thanks to which the reserves are maintained in good condition, which any tourist can easily appreciate. Below is a list of the most popular national parks in the USA.

  • Grand Canyon
  • Yosemite
  • Yellowstone
  • Death Valley
  • Everglades
  • Zion
  • Glacier
  • Hawaiian volcanoes
  • Great Smoky Mountains

What to do

Surfing

It is no exaggeration to call the United States the country responsible for popularizing surfing and its penetration into different parts of the globe. For many people who are not particularly familiar with the subject, surfing is associated exclusively with numerous madmen from California or Hawaiian beaches. Although, frankly speaking, in addition to California and Hawaii, there are enough places in America where you can catch a good wave: this is Florida, and the Atlantic coast (Virginia, North and South Carolina), and the northwestern states of Oregon and Washington. The only question is where you are.

California

The beaches of California are a byword. The legendary Malibu Beach north of Los Angeles, plus Santa Monica, Huntington Beach, Laguna Beach, Encinitas, Santa Cruz and many others. Wide and long sandy shores are washed by very impressive ocean waves, which attract surfers from different states and countries like a magnet. There are a huge number of spots in California, many have an impressive and legendary history behind them.

For example, the town of Santa Cruz, located between San Francisco and Los Angeles, can be called one of the cradles of surfing. Here you can find completely different spots: with a reef break, a beach break and a point break; however, not all spots will succumb to beginners, although there are places in Santa Cruz where you can learn surf art. It is best to come here in the period from September to May.

Do not neglect the opportunity to get on the board during your stay in Los Angeles, fortunately there are enough excellent spots in this city and its district – this applies to both LA County and Orange County. In the first of the mentioned counties there are such spots as Malibu, Santa Monica, Hermosa Beach, El Porto and many others. For example, in the same resort Santa Monica, it is easiest to get on the board for the first time, especially since there are enough instructors here. In Orange County, south of Los Angeles, the spots are more serious – Newport Beach, Huntington Beach, Seal Beach and others are unlikely to be as simple for “dummies” as Santa Monica.

In San Diego County, in the very south of California, there are almost the best spots in the state, moreover, there are a great many of them here — from simple to extremely complex, located in the open ocean and designed for real pros. Encinitas is a famous place — the best time to surf here comes in the fall, and thanks to local instructors you can develop your skills. Many spots like Imperial Beach or Ocean Beach are located in the immediate vicinity of San Diego, so getting there will not be a problem.

Hawaii

The Hawaiian Islands (and it shouldn’t be a secret to anyone) are the birthplace of surfing, and local tribes invented this art, and only then the whites turned it into one of the most popular water sports. Today Hawaii, located at a respectable distance from Russia, is one of the centers of surfing, and the local swell is unlikely to leave anyone indifferent. The famous Hawaiian Waikiki beach can be a great place for the first steps in surfing, although you should not expect that they will be so simple. It is fashionable to try yourself, for example, on the Canoe spot. The choice of spots on such islands of the archipelago as Maui, Kauai and Oahu is extremely large, so there is a real expanse for surfers here. For example, the Paia ski village is popular on Maui, and the colorful Hanalei spot is on Kauai. A bonus to everything is the unique Hawaiian culture, excellent service, excellent cuisine and lots of entertainment.

You can learn more about the best places in the world to practice this fascinating sport in the article “Riding on a board: what is surfing and where is the best place to conquer the waves“.

Moving around the country

Airplane

Domestic flights are the most efficient and widespread means of transportation across the country over medium and long distances. Any, even the most remote provincial city has its own airport and at least several flights a day to major megacities. The number of daily flights between large cities is estimated at several dozen. There are up to 30 flights a day on the lines between New York and Chicago, up to 25 from Miami, up to 20 from Los Angeles, and so on. The largest air carriers in the USA: American Airlines, Delta Air, United Airlines, Southwest Airlines.

Airliners are usually new and comfortable. At the same time, it is important to keep in mind that in the United States, air transport has long served as a conventional means of transportation, which differs from a car and a bus only in speed. All procedures for buying tickets, check-in and on-board service are minimized to the limit. In-flight meals are offered only for a fee, light soft drinks are usually included in the price.

Most of the tickets are reserved and purchased over the Internet, using credit cards, through airline websites or through specialized portals Kayak, Cheaptickets, Travelocity and others. Only in this way it is possible to quickly navigate the tariffs and promotions carried out by buying the most convenient and inexpensive ticket to the destination. Tickets are also sold at airline ticket offices for cash and non-cash payment.

The average cost of flights across the USA (excluding promotions and sales) is: New York – Las Vegas 200-350 $, Washington — Miami 220-250 $, Chicago — Los Angeles up to 320 $.

There are several budget airlines, such as JetBlue, Southwest Airlines and a number of others. At the same time, their tariffs are hardly particularly cheap in comparison with the prices offered by European budget carriers like Ryanair.

Railways and trains in the USA

Passenger rail transportation is not very popular in the United States. A relatively small number of passengers choose the train as a means of transportation, since fares often correspond to the cost of air tickets. In addition, given the large territory of the United States, moving by train can take a very long time. The state-owned Amtrak railway company has been subsidized for many years, and the development of railway communication is observed only in the field of freight transportation.

At the same time, a number of destinations can be convenient and interesting for tourists: the “Northern Corridor” between the cities of Washington — Philadelphia — New York – Boston; the “California Corridor” from San Diego to San Francisco via Los Angeles, and the longest line from the Atlantic coast to the Pacific along the route New York — Washington — Memphis— Dallas— Albuquerque—Phoenix—Los Angeles.

Train travel is very expensive. For example, the cheapest ticket from New York to Washington (less than 500 km) will cost $100 or more? as well as travel from New York to Chicago. Moreover, we are talking about seats in a common car, and compartment tickets will cost 1.5–2 times more.

Travel tickets for tourists

Amtrak offers unlimited travel tickets for traveling by rail for 15 and 30 days. These tickets can be purchased by any tourist who is not a resident of the United States. Tickets can be booked through the official website of the company and obtained at any US railway ticket office upon presentation of a passport. You can purchase both a regional ticket and one covering the whole country. Such a pass is not directly a ticket — you need to reserve a ticket for each flight in advance so that there are enough seats. But if you have a travel card, you will not have to pay.

USA Rail pass (nationwide without restrictions; prices for 2022)

  • 15 days — 429 $
  • 30 days — $ 649
  • 45 days — $ 829

California Rail pass (valid in California for 7 days over a 21-day period)

  • Adult — $ 159; child — $ 79.50

More detailed information is available on the official website of Amtrak.

Bus service in the USA

The bus is the second most important type of land transport after private cars. Buses are far superior to trains in terms of traffic volumes. The largest and almost monopoly carrier is Greyhound, whose flights connect all major cities and tourist sites in the USA and Canada. It is the oldest bus company in America, founded in 1914 by Swedish immigrant Carl Eric Wickman. Greyhound has long been the world’s largest transport organization in terms of the number of buses, until in the 70s of the XX century it was not bypassed by European companies.

The company is gradually updating the bus fleet. In the north-east of the country, buses are mostly comfortable, with air conditioning, comfortable seats, toilets, a large luggage compartment, as well as wi-fi and sockets. In the west, old and rather battered buses are more common. Tickets are sold both on the official website of the company and directly at the ticket offices of the respective bus stations.

Tickets are quite expensive, but if you travel on working days and book a ticket at least 5 days in advance, the price is significantly reduced (up to 25-40%). You should find out about the cost of trips directly on the company’s website.

Travel time between major US cities:

  • From New York: to Washington – 4 hours, Chicago — 16 hours, Los Angeles — 64 hours, Las Vegas – 56 hours, Miami — 26 hours.
  • From Denver: to Washington — 40 hours, New York – 44 hours, Las Vegas — 16 hours, Los Angeles — 23 hours, Miami — 52 hours.

Other bus companies

A good and cheap alternative to traveling by Greyhound buses are small companies, usually run by immigrants from China. Initially, they were formed for cheap transport links between large American cities with significant communities of immigrants from China and Southeast Asia. Prices were 2-3 times lower than usual. In the last few years, trips on “Chinese” buses have become increasingly popular not only with Chinese immigrants, but also with ordinary Americans and tourists. Buses depart and arrive from Chinatowns of major cities, mainly from New York. In some directions, buses run every hour (New York – Washington, New York — Boston), in others 2-5 times a day (San Francisco – Los Angeles, Chicago — Detroit, Miami — Atlanta). The fare corresponds to $ 5 for every 100 km of the way.

The downside can be considered some randomness and frequent delays of these buses, plus the inability to purchase travel tickets. Buses do not have stationary bus stations and depart from conditional points, the location of which is indicated on the websites of these companies. The largest bus company of this type is Apex Bus. Other companies: Fung Wah, Vamoosebus, etc. More information about Chinese bus companies in the USA can be found in the article “Transport in New York”.

Taxi

Taxi as a mode of transport in the USA is very popular. In large cities like New York, there are sometimes no other cars visible on the streets among taxis. On the other hand, in the vast Los Angeles taxi services will be extremely expensive.

In order to use taxi services in a large city, it is enough to raise your hand while standing on the edge of the sidewalk — the nearest free car will immediately drive up. In a sparsely populated or non-urban area, a taxi will have to be called by phone. Usually taxi companies have simple memorable phones like 777-7777 (666-6666). To call a car, you need to inform your location and where you plan to go. The dispatcher on the phone can also tell the approximate cost of the trip.

Passengers in American taxis, as a rule, sit in the back seat (up to 3 people). In some places, the driver is even fenced off with a special mesh or glass.

Taxi services are paid in cash or by credit cards. Most of the machines accept cards and checks — Visa, Mastercard, AmericanExpress. The fare is set per kilometer or per minute, in addition there are fees for large luggage, animals, assistance with loading, overnight trip, etc. The exact cost of the trip appears on the counter after the introduction of possible correction factors by the driver. A trip lasting about half an hour will cost at least $ 35. In addition to the specified amount, it is customary to leave a tip in the amount of 10-15% of the bill. The taxi driver is obliged to issue a receipt at the end of the calculations. In order to avoid robberies, taxi drivers do not keep large amounts of money with them — often they cannot give back more than $ 50.

Car

Renting a car in the USA is a great chance to take a ride across the country, repeating the routes of the heroes of many books and films. For example, the path along the legendary Route 66 highway is a real travel classic. Car rental in the States is very popular, so the number of rental offices is very large: from large to small firms.

The rules for renting a car in the United States are not much different from those adopted in Europe, but there are certainly nuances. As in European countries, you need to have an international driver’s license with you, where there would be information about the driver in English. It is recommended to book cars in advance via the Internet, especially if you are interested in specific models that are most suitable for the trip plan. Often cars are rented out without a mileage limit, but just in case it’s worth clarifying.

The age from which you can rent a car can be different everywhere (from 18 or from 21 years old), but it is worth remembering about the “collection of a young driver”, which is almost always paid by those who are under 25 years old. To rent, you need to have a credit card, since the owner of a debit card can easily refuse to rent a car, because in case of some unforeseen circumstances, it will be easier to collect funds from the owner of the credit card.

The car is usually rented with a full tank, however, it must also be returned refueled — otherwise the company will refuel it at the expense of the driver, not forgetting the extra charge. As in European offices, GPS navigators, child seats are paid separately. The car needs to be carefully examined for scratches and damages, which are reported to the agent, so as not to encounter problems when handing over the car. By the way, you can rent a car at the offices of companies located in other states, and no one usually takes a fee for this.

Insurance

As always, it is necessary to mention insurance separately. Many insurance policies are included in the final, but not the original price, which often surprises customers who expect a previously known low price. Insurance in any case must be issued, otherwise you may run into trouble.

Firstly, the car is insured against possible damage and theft (the so-called LDW — Loss Damage Waiver), so that the driver is relieved of responsibility for troubles with the car. However, there is a possibility that the bank servicing the credit card automatically provides LDW insurance when paying for a car rental, so this needs to be clarified in advance. Otherwise, you need to purchase this insurance yourself directly from the distributor.

It is also important to take out SLI — Supplemental Liability Insurance, which covers damages and accidents caused by a rented car. This includes damage to someone else’s property, death of third parties, etc.

Driver and passenger insurance is called PPP — Personal Protection Plan. It covers the possible costs of medical care and treatment as a result of an accident. It is worth, however, to find out in advance whether the insurance with which the tourist enters the United States does not apply to such incidents, because in this case it is not necessary to issue a PPP.

Culture

The USA is a multicultural nation, including due to the diversity of ethnic groups, traditions and values. Apart from a small group of Native Americans (Indians) and Native Hawaiians, almost all Americans or their ancestors have immigrated to the United States over the past five centuries. For most Americans, the basis of culture is Western, descended from the traditions of European immigrants, but influenced by many other sources, for example, traditions brought by slaves from Africa. The recently increased flow of immigration from Asia and Latin America has further reinforced this multiculturalism, in which immigrants from each country have brought their own cultural touch.

American society is a rather heterogeneous mass, where there is a class and property stratification, but American values remain the main binding element. The American middle class (along with the European one) gave rise to many trends, such as modern feminism, environmentalism and multiculturalism. Americans’ lifestyle, worldview and cultural values are very closely linked to their work. Today, Americans highly value socio-economic achievements. Despite the fame of the country of “unlimited opportunities”, which attracts immigrants, there are studies showing that the level of social mobility in the United States is lower than in Western Europe and Canada.

Thanks to the active emancipation that took place in the XX century, many women today are engaged in various spheres of social activity. In 2005, 28% of households were married childless couples. In 2009, same-sex marriages were officially allowed in Vermont, Maine and New Hampshire.

Music and cinema

The first commercial screening of films took place in New York in 1894 with the help of Thomas Edison’s Kinetoscope. The following year, the first projected film appeared on the screen. New York and the USA took the first place in the development of cinema for several decades. Since the beginning of the XX century, the US film industry began to form in Los Angeles in the Hollywood area. By the way, immigrants from Russia, the Shenki brothers, responsible for the emergence of the 20th Century Fox and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film companies, played a huge role in the development of Hollywood. Director D. V. Griffith worked on many films, and Orson Welles’ picture Citizen Kane (1941) is still considered one of the best films in the world. American actors such as John Wayne and Marilyn Monroe have become movie icons all over the world, and producer Walt Disney and his company have become leaders in the cartoon genre. The largest film studios in Hollywood have produced the most successful films in history, such as “Star Wars”, “Titanic”, “The Lord of the Rings” and continue to dominate the global market.

Americans watch TV more than any other nation in the world, but the average TV viewing time continues to grow, surpassing five hours a day in 2006. The four largest TV companies are commercial. American television is famous for numerous sitcoms, many of which have spread all over the world (recall at least “The X-Files”, “Star Trek”, “Stay Alive”, “The Sopranos Clan” and others), as well as super-successful animated series like The Simpsons.

American popular music is well known all over the world — in recent decades, largely thanks to MTV, which, however, is now fading into the background with the spread of the Internet. American musical genres have always been influenced by a variety of traditions, primarily imported by Africans. So, jazz was born in New Orleans at the turn of the XIX–XX centuries, and blues was born in the Mississippi Delta. Jazz was popularized by such legendary performers as Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Sydney Bechet, Benny Goodman, Count Basie. Subsequently, the genre became more complicated, became more refined and avant—garde – the main role in this transformation was played by Charlie Parker (be-bop), Miles Davis (cool jazz), John Coltray (modal jazz), Ornette Coleman (free jazz) and others. Blues became widespread in the 50s and 60s, its stars were B. B. King, Muddy Waters, Willie Dixon, etc.

Everyone knows the name of Elvis Presley — a white guy who sang like a black man and reworked the African heritage into a new style — rock and roll. As John Lennon said, “there was nothing before Elvis.” And after that, the music blossomed in all colors — folk rock (Bob Dylan), surf (The Beach Boys), garage rock (The Sonics, The Electric Prunes), hippie-era psychedelia (Jefferson Airplane, Jimi Henrdix, The Doors), punk, formed under the influence of The Velvet Underground and The Stooges, and many other styles. If you want to find a common language with ordinary Americans, it will not hurt to know the work of the legendary country singer Johnny Cash – he has the same status in the States as Vysotsky in Russia.

Literature, philosophy and art

In the XVIII and early XIX centuries, American art and literature took a lot from Europeans. Writers such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, and Henry David Thoreau established a certain tone of American literature by the mid-19th century. Mark Twain and poet Walt Whitman became the most important literary figures of the second half of the XIX century; Emily Dickinson, virtually unknown during her lifetime, is now recognized as one of the greatest American poets. The works trace the main features of the national character — as in the works of “Moby-Dick” by Herman Mellville, “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” by Mark Twain, “The Great Gatsby” by F. Scott Fitgerald, great American books of the past.

Eleven US citizens have received the Nobel Prize in Literature, including Toni Morrison in 1993. Ernest Hemingway, Nobel Laureate in 1954, is often called one of the most influential writers of the twentieth century. Such popular literary genres as Western or fiction have also appeared in the USA. A whole generation of writers has discovered a new avant-garde literature, among them such postmodern authors as John Barth, Thomas Pynchon and Don DeLillo. The names of such writers as Charles Bukowski, Ken Kesey and Richard Brautigan stand apart.

The traditionalists, led by Ralph Waldo Emerson and Thoreau, founded the first American philosophical movement. After the Civil War, Charles Sanders Pierce, followed by William James and John Dewey, became the leaders of the trend known as pragmatism. John Rawls resurrected political philosophy.

In the past, the traditions of The Hudson River School, which preached European naturalism, were strong in visual art. The 1913 Armory Show in New York, an exhibition of contemporary European art, shocked the public and transformed the US art scene. Georgia OrKiffe, Marsden Hartley and others experimented with new styles, demonstrating the high value of a person as a person. Many art movements, such as the abstract expressionism of Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning and the pop art of Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein, have been widely developed in the United States. Postmodern buildings glorified American architects Frank Lloyd Wright, Philip Johnson and Frank Gehry.

One of the first theatrical figures in the United States was impresario P. T. Barnum, who began working in Manhattan in 1841. The team of Harrigan and Hart produced a series of popular musical comedies in New York, starting in the late 1870s. In the 20th century, Broadway had its own musicians; the songs of such musical theater composers as Irving Berlin, Cole Porter and Stephen Sondheim became examples of pop music. Today, “Broadway Musical” is a household name.

Comics have also gained popularity in the States — the largest publishers are Marvel (“Spider-Man”, “Iron Man”, “X-Men”, “Thor”, “Hulk”) and DC Comics (“Batman”, “Superman”). Big-budget blockbusters have been made based on most of these comics. Buying original comics from these publishers as a souvenir is a very original idea.

Cuisine in the USA

The main culinary traditions of the States penetrated here from the countries of Western Europe, but in the end a completely unique gastronomic culture was formed, which, however, does not please everyone. Traditional American cuisine uses ingredients such as turkey meat, white deer meat, potatoes, sweet potatoes and maple syrup — a legacy of Native Americans and the first European settlers. Slow—cooked porridge and beef on the barbecue, crab cakes, potato chips and chocolate culinary products, as well as pasta with cheese sauce – purely American cuisine. Food brought by African slaves is popular in the south and among African Americans in other states. Also, almost every state has its own regional traditional cuisines, but they usually do not go beyond the region.

Typical dishes — apple pie, fried chicken, pizza, hamburgers and hot dogs – are prepared according to recipes that were brought to the country by immigrants. For example, hot dogs were invented by a German immigrant in New York; the name “hamburger” comes from the German city of Hamburg, and the pizza recipe was brought to the country by Italian immigrants (by the way, Sicilian and Neapolitan pizza differs in many ways from New York and Chicago). Pasta dishes, for example, pasta, are also widespread. Mexican cuisine is especially popular in California and other states of this region — burritos and tacos are prepared quickly and simply, so it’s not surprising that they have become a favorite food not only of Latinos, but also of white Americans. Mostly Americans prefer tea to coffee. Fast food lunches are commonplace, which doctors call the cause of the “obesity epidemic”, especially noticeable in the Midwest. American fast foods in the rest of the world embody the American lifestyle as such. The most famous and popular chains are Burger King, McDonalds, Taco Bell, KFC, Wendy’s and others. Light drinks with a lot of sugar are widely popular; they account for about 9% of daily calorie intake. So it’s hard to imagine an American without a can of Coca-Cola or Dr. Pepper.

Purchases

Shopping in America is very often very profitable, especially when compared with prices in many European cities. Another thing is that Europe is much closer to Russia than the United States. However, if you are lucky enough to get to this country, then you should definitely allocate some time for shopping. There is a huge amount of goods in the USA — from electronics to clothing — that simply cannot be found in Russia. America is famous for its giant shopping malls and department stores and crazy sales seasons. Sales in America usually fall between Thanksgiving on November 4 and Christmas. They start on “Black Friday”, the first Friday after Thanksgiving, and since the very first customers get the biggest discounts, then a form of madness is happening at the doors of department stores like Walmart. The Monday following Black Friday is called “Cyber Monday”, when goods in online stores are sold at discount prices.

Tourists should know that the price indicated on American price tags is not final, and the amount of taxes is added to it, usually amounting to 5-10% of the value of the goods, depending on the state. In American stores and department stores, you can pay with cash, cards and bank checks. If there is not enough cash in your pocket, then when paying with a card, you can use the cash back service when the cashier issues a certain amount ($ 20, $ 40, $ 100) that is withdrawn from the account.

The most common department store chains that can be found all over America are Walmart, Macy’s, Sears, Nordstorm, Lord & Taylor and others. The largest shopping malls in America are King of Prussia near Philadelphia; Mall of America in Minnesota; Aventura in Florida; South Coast Plaza in Costa Mesa, Los Angeles; Destiny in Syracuse, New York, and many others. Shopping malls are a great way to save money, since, say, not everyone can afford to buy clothes on 5th Avenue in expensive New York. The best option to buy books and magazines is Barnes & Noble stores. The largest bookstore is located in Portland, Oregon, and is called Powell’s City of Books.

Connection

The Internet

Americans usually do not have problems with Internet access — they can access the network from home computers, from the workplace or from their mobile phone (for example, from the iPhone, which is popular nowadays). In many hotels (both in resorts and in simple cities), access to free Internet is also provided. Wi-fi can be easily found in unpretentious motels. You can also connect to the network in various public institutions, shopping and business centers, bookstores like Barnes & Noble and public libraries. However, in many places, either the duration of the session or the amount of traffic is limited. There are a lot of Wi-Fi access points in cities, both paid and free. For example, in any major city there are many Starbucks and McDonald’s coffee shops, where there is access to free Internet.

Cellular communication

The mobile communication standard used in the USA is GSM 850/1900. It is worth bearing this in mind right away, as well as the fact that there is a different type of outlet and an adapter is needed. So sometimes it doesn’t make sense to rely on roaming (especially since it is very expensive), but to use pay phones (although they are a thing of the past) and local SIM cards and phones. The main US cellular operators are AT&T and Verizon.

In the USA there are two types of mobile phones — with a contract and without a contract. The second option is suitable for tourists.

Contract mobile phones are inexpensive (you can buy an iPhone with a contract for $ 50), but to purchase them you need to have a lot of everything you need, for example, a social security number. The contract is concluded for a period of 2 years (plus each mobile operator has its own nuances), which is more suitable for those who have come to the States seriously and for a long time.

Mobile phones without a contract can be bought for a very small amount (for example, $ 20), and they have a pre-paid (prepaid) tariff. That is, the subscriber does not bind himself to contractual obligations, and can safely throw such a phone in the trash at the end of the trip. Tariffs can be, however, quite expensive, and at the same time not devoid of exoticism in the form of payment for incoming SMS. However, for one or two months in the USA, this is the most convenient option. You can buy such phones at any communication store (like RadioShack); the staff will explain everything, configure and activate.

As for the coverage, it is not the same everywhere — densely populated northeastern states and the coast of California do not experience any problems with the signal, but somewhere in the hills in the middle of Idaho, communication problems may arise.

Telephone communication

Conventional telephone communication in the USA is also well developed; another thing is that compared to mobile communication, it is not so popular and is used quite rarely for everyday purposes, so the needs of tourists in simple payphones can be questioned. In the past, there were more than two million payphones in the United States, but today, as in most developed countries, they are disappearing from the streets and from cafes, and major players AT&T and Verizon have already left this sector. The cost of a minute of conversation in payphones is approximately 0.05–0.5 $, on international lines — more expensive. Before making a call, you should read the instructions for using the machine. Calls are usually paid using simple phone cards that can be purchased at newsstands, stores like 7Eleven, etc. There are also payphones in some places where calls can be paid with coins of 25 cents.

In the States, you can find telephone directories everywhere, which are divided into “white pages” (phones of individuals) and “yellow pages” (numbers of commercial and public organizations). With the help of such directories, you can find yourself, for example, housing. By the way, many rooms are decorated with letters, for example, 1-888-BEST-BUY — in this case, each letter corresponds to a specific number on the phone keyboard, on the button of which this letter is located. That is, this phone in the original looks like this: 1-888-237-8289.

American phone numbers are included in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) and consist of 10 digits in the format XXX-YYY-ZZZZ, where the first three digits (XXX) are the telephone area code, which is usually omitted when calling within one zone (city or state). In megacities, each district often has its own separate code, and the first three digits are mandatory -that is, a call to a neighboring block belonging to another zone is regarded as long-distance. A unit is usually typed before the long-distance code. Calls to the countries included in the common NANP network (Canada, Puerto Rico, Bermuda and other Caribbean Islands) are also carried out by long-distance scheme via +1.

+1 is the US code. To get on the international line, you need to dial 011 (or 01 for some special services). To make a call to Russia and any country outside the NANP zone, dial: 011 — destination country code — city code — subscriber number.

To make a call from Russia to the USA, you need to dial: 8 — 10 — 1 — the zone code is the subscriber’s number.

Sport

Americans’ sports hobbies often become the object of ridicule from Europeans. If the inhabitants of the Old World are simply obsessed with football, then in the USA football is called a completely different sport — its American version, similar to rugby. In the States, football matches gather huge stadiums, and traditional football is called soccer, and it began to gain popularity only in the last couple of decades, mainly after the 1994 World Cup in America. By the way, not only professional clubs are popular, but also college teams — there is a special American football league for their games.

Another typical American sport is baseball. Baseball stadiums and fields can be found in any city in the States, but it is far from easy for a tourist who has come from Europe to understand its rules, and baseball often appears to be a rather boring spectacle. But it’s better not to tell the locals about it — they really revere baseball, and the caps of such teams as the New York Yankees and LA Dodgers have spread far beyond the borders of the country.

Since the end of the XIX century, basketball has been gaining popularity in the country, which eventually became the main hobby of the black population, although whites invented the game. The most famous player in the history of basketball is Michael Jordan, who shone in the 80s and 90s as a member of the Chicago Bulls. At the same time, on the world stage, the US national team rarely has a team that can oppose anything. The basketball league is called the NBA and attracts stars from all over the planet.

The situation is similar with hockey — all the leading hockey players in the world are trying to get into the NHL, so, for example, you can see Russian surnames in almost every team in the league. The sport itself was invented in Canada, and Canadian clubs, say, Montreal Canadians, also play in the NHL.

Among individual sports, boxing and horse racing were the most popular, later golf and auto racing took their place, especially the NASCAR series (traditional Formula 1 races are not too popular here). In

Surfing is an invention of native Americans and Hawaiian Islands, even before their contact with Western civilization.

In total, the United States has hosted eight Olympic Games, and according to statistics, the United States is the most successful team in the history of the Olympics, having won 2,295 medals at the Summer Olympics, more than any other country, and 253 at the Winter Olympics, which is second only to Norway.

Economy

General data

The United States has a mixed capitalist economy based on natural resources, well-developed infrastructure and high productivity. The US GDP is $15.586 trillion (June 2012), which is more than one fifth of the global gross product. This is the largest GDP in the world. Canada, China, Mexico, Japan and Germany are the main trading partners. After growing during the 90s and the first half of the noughties, the US economy found itself in recession in December 2007, and in the first decade of the XXI century began to lose its influence, which was all-encompassing in the previous century. The American economy has no equal in information technology (Microsoft and Apple corporations), mechanical engineering and other industries are gradually recovering after the crisis.

The type of economy is post—industrial, with a huge role for the service sector. In business, large companies account for a large share. The United States continues to be the largest industrial power. In addition, the country has huge oil reserves. but he prefers to import it from other countries. While agriculture accounts for only 1% of GDP, the US is the largest producer of corn and soybeans. Coca-Cola and McDonald’s are two of the most recognizable brands in the world.

New York is rightfully considered the business capital of the planet thanks to its exchanges — the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ, where securities of over 3 thousand global companies are listed. That is why Wall Street is a symbol of the entire capitalist system and an object of hatred of anti-globalists and leftists.

The incomes of US families vary from state to state — many poor families live in states like Mississippi or in disadvantaged areas of large cities, for example, in Los Angeles. In total, 15% of the country’s population lives below the poverty line, and the line itself is at the level of $23,050 of annual income. After a sharp decline in the mid-20th century, since the 1970s, 11-15% of Americans lived below the poverty line, 58.5% spent at least one year in poverty between the ages of 25 and 75.

The richest 1% of people account for 27.6% of federal taxes, the richest 10% — 54.7%. Wealth, as well as income, is concentrated in a small proportion of the population. The richest 10% have 69.8% of the total wealth, ranking second in the world. The richest 1% has 33.4% of the total wealth.

Science and technology

The USA has become a leader in scientific research and technical innovation since the end of the XIX century. In 1876 Alexander Graham Bell received the first American patent for the invention of the telephone. Thomas Edison was the author of the phonograph, the first electric light bulb and a movie camera. Nikola Tesla, a native of Yugoslavia, invented the first wave radio transmitter, the AC motor, and also became the author of many other scientific and technical achievements. At the beginning of the XX century, the automobile companies of Ransom E. Olds and Henry Ford contributed to the emergence of the General Assembly. The Wright brothers made their first successful flight in 1903.

The spread of Nazism in the 1930s caused many European scientists to immigrate to the United States, including Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi, and after World War II a number of former German scientists were recruited, including one of the pioneers of rocket science, Werner von Braun. During the Second World War, nuclear weapons were developed as part of the Manhattan Project, marking the beginning of the Atomic Age. It was possible to launch rockets into space, to study new matters, the first computers appeared. The USA is the main developer of the ARPANET network and its successor, the Internet. Today, 64% of research projects are funded from the private sector. The USA is still the leader in the field of scientific research. Americans own the lion’s share of technological consumer products, most families in the United States have Internet access. The country is the first developer and producer of genetically modified products; more than half of the lands with biotech corn are located in the United States.

Energy

The U.S. energy market produces 29,000 terawatts per year. Energy consumption per person is 7.8 tons in oil equivalent per year, in Germany — 4.2 tons, in Canada — 8.3 tons. In 2005, 40% of the energy was obtained from oil, 23% from coal, 22% from natural gas. The remainder is produced by nuclear energy and renewable energy sources. For many decades, nuclear energy has played a much smaller role than in most developed countries.

Demographics

The USA is the third most populous country in the world after India and China. The population in 2012 amounted to 314.648 million people, and there is a population increase exceeding the indicators of Western European countries. It is largely provided by migrants, primarily from Mexico and other Latin American countries, whose share has already exceeded the black population.

Racial composition

In the USA, the population is very diverse — thirty-one ethnic groups have more than a million members. White Americans are the largest racial group consisting of descendants of English, Irish, German, Italian and Jewish immigrants. 12.9% of the US population is African—American, Asians are the second racial minority — about 5%, mainly Chinese, Indians and Filipinos. In 2008 In the USA, there were 4.9 million Indians and indigenous people from Alaska (3.1 million exclusively from Alaska) and 1.1 million people from the islands of Hawaii and other islands of the Atlantic Ocean (0.6 million only from the islands). However, after the white population, the largest part is made up of Spanish—speaking residents, the so-called hispanic people – mostly immigrants from Mexico and Central American countries (El Salvador, Guatemala, etc.).

Languages

English is the native language for 231 million residents of the country; Spanish (31 million) comes in second place by a large margin from the rest; followed by Chinese, French and German. Russian is on the 10th place in this list — it is native to 750,000 Americans.

English is the de facto national language. Hawaiian and English are, by law, the two official languages in Hawaii. Although Spanish is not the official language of New Mexico, there are laws that allow the use of both Spanish and English, as well as English and French in Louisiana. Other states, such as California, publish versions of some documents in Spanish, including court decisions. Many advertising posters, announcements, signs, signs on buses can only be seen in Spanish. In some island territories, local languages are officially recognized along with English: for example, on the islands of Samoa and Guam or in Puerto Rico.

Religion

The First Amendment to the US Constitution guarantees the free choice of religion and prohibits any persecution of a religious nature. According to a 2007 study, 78.4% of adults call themselves Christians, 51.3% are Protestants, and 23.9% are Catholics. 26.3% of the population are white evangelicals. The number of non-Christians in 2007 was 4.7%. Among non-Christian religions, Judaism (1.7%), Buddhism (0.7%), Islam (0.6%), Hinduism (0.4%) and universalism (0.3%) were named. 16.1% of the population in 2007 called themselves agnostics or atheists.

Education

American public education is managed by the federal and local government, regulated by the United States Department of Education (the United States Department of Education) through the issuance of federal grants. As a rule, in most states, children must attend school from the age of 6-7 (usually kindergarten or first grade) to the age of 18 (usually twelve grades, until the end of high school); some states allow students to leave school at the age of sixteen or seventeen. About 12% of students study in parish schools. Only 2% of children study at home. There are many competitive private and public higher education institutions, as well as colleges in the USA. In colleges, Americans can study for a long time, with breaks, but still call it school.

Among Americans aged twenty-five and older, 84.6% graduated from high school, 52.6% attended college, 27.2% received a bachelor’s degree and 9.6% received a master’s degree. The literacy rate is about 99%. The education index according to the UN is 0.97, which is the 12th indicator in the world.

Safety for tourists

Health

In terms of a variety of infections and diseases, the United States is a fairly safe country, especially when compared with South or Central America. However, in states such as Florida or Louisiana, there is a risk of contracting malaria transmitted through mosquito bites. In addition, in this region you can encounter other unpleasant creatures, for example, poisonous Portuguese boats are found off the coast of Florida, whose bites can be dangerous to humans and are fraught with serious burns. On earth, fire ants are dangerous — poisonous insects whose bite effects may not last for months, and for particularly sensitive people, sometimes it ends in death.

In the east of the country, you can become a victim of tick bites that carry Lyme disease; you should also be wary of “black widows” — small spiders whose bites can sometimes be deadly (although there is already an antidote, so the threat of death is minimized).

In desert states like Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico, especially when walking in National Parks (for example, when descending into the Grand Canyon), you should be wary of scorpions, spiders and snakes, many of which may be poisonous. The coyotes found in this area do not pose a danger to humans.

In general, when traveling to nature, it is worth stocking up on a variety of mosquito sprays and other repellents. In natural areas and National parks of such states as California, Wyoming, Nevada, Oregon, Montana, Washington, Colorado, Alaska, it is not so difficult to meet wild boars, wolves, jackals and bears, which pose an obvious danger to humans. In this case, you should always listen to the advice of guides.

The healthcare system in the USA is quite developed, assistance is provided quickly and professionally, but the cost of medical services is very high. It makes no sense to come to the United States without insurance, so it’s worth buying an insurance policy with coverage of at least $ 300,000 in advance. Medical care will be provided in any case, and only after that the patient will be presented with a bill that is unlikely to please him. Therefore, in the USA it is easier not to get sick at all and observe all the necessary preventive measures and precautions.

An ambulance can be called by a single rescue service phone number — 911. In this case, an ambulance will arrive for the person and take him to the nearest hospital. As for medicines, it is best to take them with you from Russia and Europe, since their cost is quite high in the USA, and local pharmacists are often not familiar with European analogues of American drugs. However, it is worth finding out in advance whether it is possible to import certain medicines into the country — the laws here are quite strict.

Safety

Among developed countries, the United States has an above—average crime rate, and especially high among crimes involving weapons. Law and order is monitored by numerous police officers, but in such a complex country it is impossible to keep track of everything. Street crime, drug trafficking, racially motivated crimes and other unpleasant phenomena have not disappeared anywhere from American streets. The most dangerous cities are: Stockton, Sacramento, Oakland (all – California), St. Louis (Missouri), Baltimore (Maryland), Atlanta (Georgia), Birmingham (Alabama), Memphis (Tennessee). Some areas of the largest megacities (Los Angeles, New York, Dallas, Chicago, Houston) should also be avoided – this is especially true of neighborhoods with a high concentration of black and Latino populations.

You should be more careful in communicating with the local population — God forbid to say “nigger” to an African-American or “gook” to an Asian! This will turn into very serious problems, so you should just forget about such words. Moreover, the local population has many weapons in their hands — the Americans are more than an armed nation. Therefore, it is not necessary to enter into conflicts with local residents, for example, during gatherings in bars. If you get into an unpleasant situation, the police can be called by a single 911 rescue service phone.

Drinking on the streets is strictly prohibited — it threatens serious trouble with the police. The only exception is Las Vegas. If we talk about drugs, the use of marijuana is so common in the States (especially in California) that sometimes people do not hesitate to smoke right on the street. However, no one advises doing this anyway. Drunk driving is not only dangerous, but is also punished seriously enough — up to imprisonment.

Where to stay for a tourist

In the USA, in addition to traditional hotels, motels and hostels, you can find several more interesting accommodation options that may certainly interest a real tourist. Camping sites are suitable for those who are looking for the charm of wildlife, and those who are attracted to a vacation on the seashore can rent a small beach house, apartment or condo.

Campsites

The United States is famous for its traditions of camping, which, however, is not surprising, given how many National parks there are in the country, as well as so-called National Forests and just places with magnificent and often protected nature. All this has led to the development, on the one hand, of the scout movement; and on the other — the tradition of outdoor recreation, both with the whole family and with groups of friends. Today, on the territory of each state, you can find a lot of campsites, which are spaces created for outdoor recreation — they can be either equipped or actually be empty glades for parking.

Equipped campsites include everything necessary for a comfortable stay in nature, that is, in fact, they combine home comfort and natural surroundings. There is drinking water, toilets, showers and even laundries (albeit not always), shops, etc.

In some campsites of this kind, you can rent small houses with air conditioning and household amenities, however, it can be quite expensive; however, for residents of large cities who, on the one hand, do not want to lose comfort, and on the other hand, do not mind being in nature, such campsites are an excellent option. Tent sites in equipped campsites often do not have an electricity connection.

Unequipped campsites are usually tent camps in open areas in National Parks, near hiking trails, etc. They may have showers and toilets, but electricity is unlikely to be found. A night here will cost 5-10 dollars.

Open areas are nothing more than just open areas — glades where you can set up your tent. In fact, it resembles the domestic “wild tourism”. Only with the difference that in America, tourists are obliged to take all the garbage with them.

There is also such a phenomenon as glamping, which can be conditionally called five-star campsites-that is, these are houses with luxurious decoration, all amenities, a spa located next to it, delicacies, etc., but only surrounded by wildlife. This pleasure usually costs the same as a night in a 5-star hotel — from $ 500 and above.

Beach houses

Quite a popular phenomenon in American resorts, when various homeowners rent out their small houses located near beaches for the summer period. For example, this can be seen in the beach towns of Los Angeles like Hermosa Beach – a lot of cozy houses with small courtyards, rental announcements, etc. Someone rents such houses for a couple of weeks, someone for the whole summer; also, the price depends on the location of the house, the quality and popularity of the beach, toppings at home, etc. It is easier to find out about current prices on specialized American sites — it is enough to score in the beach houses usa search engine and see the results or use the Craiglist site.

Condo (apartment rentals)

A condo, or condominium, is a form of home ownership resembling Russian HOA. In the American version, condominiums are apartment buildings in which private individuals own real estate. Condos located in resort areas are usually filled with tourists and students in summer, as the owners rent out their housing — for them these apartments are nothing more than investments. You should also look for a condo on sites like Craiglist.

Hotels in the USA

As for traditional hotels in the USA, travelers should not experience any problems here. On the Tourister website.

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United States of America: travel guide, weather, cuisine, sights worth visiting for tourists
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United States of America: travel guide, weather, cuisine, sights worth visiting for tourists
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Travel guide to rest in the USA: sights worth visiting for tourists, what every tourist should know.
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toptourister.com
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