Europe deserves to be synonymous with art and culture, science and enlightenment. Part of the continent Eurasia, it consists of 43 countries. Europe is home to about an eighth of the entire population of our planet. With excellent so-called baseline data, this region is a completely boring and cultural corner of the globe.
It is rich in religious relics, monuments of sculpture, painting, architecture, various historical and architectural monuments that were created by people over many centuries. Tourism in Europe is very popular today, because the overwhelming majority of the population of planet Earth wants to visit resorts in the summer, go skiing in winter, contemplate a huge number of world-famous attractions. The gradual development of tourism in Europe has contributed to the formation of various types of recreation.
Each person will be able to choose a vacation to their taste. For those who prefer excursion routes, want to replenish their knowledge base with all sorts of historical facts, see many memorials, buildings that have survived to this day, countries such as Great Britain, France, Germany are suitable. Tourism to Europe for beach lovers is offered by such countries as Spain, Bulgaria, Italy, Crete.
If you have a great desire to go looking for spiritual food, it is best to visit Italy, Bulgaria or Greece. People who hate being bored, visiting excursions, wanting to have a good time, they should hit the road to Monte Carlo, soak up the Cote d’Azur, located in the southeast of France, or take plane tickets to the Spanish island of Ibiza. However, when there is a desire, a person can easily find rest for his soul and mood.
The Apennine boot, covered with a lot of snow, is a rather high mountain system located in the western part of Europe. The magnificent peaks of the Alps can be seen in each of the eight countries listed below. These include Monaco, France, Slovenia and Switzerland, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein and Austria.
Tourism to Europe, where you can admire the beauty of mountain peaks, idyllic villages, crystal clear lakes, is now very attractive for tourists. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that countries in the Alpine region are content with maximizing the benefits of geographic location.
The benefits are as follows: in the summer, the Alps become one of the main resorts for recovery and treatment, in winter, these mountains attract ski lovers, therefore they occupy a leading position among the many mountain resorts. It is worth noting, despite the various existing types of tourism, in recent years a new option called ecotourism is gaining popularity. Here everyone can enjoy the untouched nature, get to know the cultural, ethnographic features of the region without violating the integrity of ecosystems.
Location, tourism features
The Alps divide the climate of Europe into two parts. In the south – Mediterranean subtropical conditions, in the regions in the north and west – the mountain system has a temperate climate. According to their geographical location, the mountains are divided into the Western and Eastern Alps. The river Rhine flows between them, which serves as the so-called separator of these two parts. The eastern mountainous area is low, with wide picturesque valleys as well as gentle slopes.
It differs significantly from the Western mountain system, as this one has higher mountains. Mont Blanc is the highest mountain in the region. The rapid development of tourism in Europe gives tourists the opportunity to see the icy European mountains. The number of glaciers in the Alps reaches 1200. Their total area is more than four thousand kilometers. A stable snow cover forms very quickly already with the arrival of November, and all this is thanks to glaciers.
Fans of extreme sports will never get bored here. Many vacationers may like a nice bonus, which is that you can visit all the ski areas, since they are combined with each other. This allows you to settle almost every corner of the Alps (it’s good that the visa regime allows). It will only be necessary to move from one lift to the next lift.
Tourism in Europe, in this particular corner, allows you to admire the beauty of the area in summer. There are good temperature conditions, low humidity, fresh and healthy air, which allows a person to improve their health. The water of mineral springs and glacial lakes has a positive effect on health. Therefore, everyone who wants to fill the body with healthy, tasty, healing water is recommended to rest in the Alps.
The southeastern region of Europe – the Balkans, is washed by the following seas: Black and Mediterranean, Adriatic, Aegean and Marmara, Ionian. This fact can be attributed to one of the reasons for the popularity of tourism on the peninsula. In this area, even though everything is considered European, but at the same time, relatives and friends. For example, cross stitch, Orthodox churches, sweet peppers, potatoes, and much more. Friendly relations that were formed during the Soviet Union play an important role.
The Balkans make us fall in love with picturesque valleys, mountains, slender birches bent from the wind. In this region, in the meadows, there are always shepherds who played music with a flute (an old wind instrument similar to a flute), shod in bast shoes, dressed in rags (torn clothes). The countries of the Balkan Peninsula are very popular in tourism. These include, in whole or in part: Montenegro, Croatia and Bulgaria, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia. The list is supplemented by Romania and Serbia, Turkey and Greece, Slovenia, Italy.
In winter, ski resorts await tourists. Good conditions for skiing in particular are offered by the Bulgarian and Romanian mountains, as well as the slopes of Slovenia. Note that the prices for such entertainment are reasonable. In summer, tourists can soak up the beaches, inhaling the aromas of coniferous forests, admiring the low mountains, deciduous groves. There are thermal springs in the Balkans that help to improve your health. All countries are an excellent option for children’s recreation: there are many camps, schools with teaching foreign languages.
The Benelux community consists of countries such as Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. Tourism in Europe, in this particular corner of it, is in demand most often for the sake of the desire of tourists to visit one of the smallest countries in the world. People who come here in most cases have specific goals.
For example, smoke some weed, hang out in famous areas, enjoy the beauty of tulips. These three countries have all the conditions to be in demand for their guests. Excursions in Benelux are fascinating and informative. By the way, here you will not see crowds of tourists like in other European countries. The Benelux has many castles, palaces, museums, centuries-old lights. Here you can see pointed arches made in the Gothic style, spiers in the form of needles, and beautiful columns.
On the territory of these states there are futuristic buildings, museums, cathedrals, churches. The three states have many items of “sovereign interest”. What are tulip bulbs worth? They are famous not only for flowers, but also for brilliant, expensive Delft porcelain, delicious famous cheese, magnificent lace, delicious beer, delicate chocolate, comfortable slippers, wooden shoes.
The Baltics is mainly known for its pine trees, sands, measured pace of life, and its folk traditions. The development of tourism in Europe, in particular in the Baltic countries, allows you to enjoy the mild climate. It is not very hot here in summer and not too cold in winter. Therefore, all types of tourism are in demand at any time of the year.
The Baltics is an excellent resort where you can improve your health at a low cost, as there are curative mud, mineral springs, sands with white quartz sands.
You can visit historical museums, puppet town halls, see various sights, try national cuisine. The Baltics are made up of countries such as Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. It also includes the Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation. Concert lovers can visit the annual music festival in Jurmala, which is usually held in the month of July.
For tourism to bring more positive emotions, you need to visit the largest water park in Europe. Those who prefer tranquility and solitude should visit the Estonian islands. The most famous island is called Saaremaa. Estonia is also rich in uninhabited islands, of which there are about a thousand. In the Kaliningrad region, tourists can walk along the Baltic seaside, find amber fragments of ideal shapes.
Scandinavia (as the northern part of Europe is called) is considered the land of volcanoes, fjords, and Vikings. It includes countries washed by cold seas – Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Iceland. Tourism to Europe, more precisely to this region, is very popular, because there is something to see. Icelandic geysers, the famous volcano, fields with solidified lava, harsh nature shrouded in ice make a huge impression. Older Scandinavian citizens are to be envied.
These people are long-livers, usually they have a wealthy, happy old age. Warlike women and fearless strong men live in the lands of Northern Europe. Also, the countries of northern Europe are home to modern queens and kings. Lovers of historical sites can get acquainted with futuristic objects, cathedrals created by modern architects, visit the sites of primitive people, see with their own eyes medieval town halls.
It is worth recalling that a ski resort awaits tourists here. Summer in this area is not hot. Winter is cold, but despite this, it pleases with its snowdrifts. Therefore, for those who do not have enough snow, the north of Europe will be very useful. Tourists have the opportunity to contemplate all the beauty of the fjords, that is, narrow bays with transparent and clear water, surrounded by rocks covered with forests.
The European eastern part includes: Ukraine, Russia, Romania, Bulgaria, Belarus, Moldova. The division, in principle, is conditional, therefore, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and 6 modern Balkan republics are often included in the list. Tourists are definitely advised to visit the resorts of the Crimean Republic, with impressive nature, sea, mountains, clean air. You can go to Belarus for the purpose of ecotourism, see different game there, beautiful lakes, visit reserves, eat fresh berries, mushrooms, and do health improvement using healing mud.
The types of recreation in Eastern Europe have a number of differences. For example, choosing tourism in Moldova, lovers of delicious alcoholic beverages can enjoy wines, champagne, cognacs. Also in Moldova, tourists are offered acquaintance with the history and culture of the country, gypsy, Jewish memorable places. If you go on vacation to Bulgaria, then, of course, you should choose Golden Sands. Medicinal mud and mineral springs will not interfere with healing. While in the Valley of Roses, you should definitely buy a bottle of rose oil.
Tourism in Romania, in addition to beaches, balneological resorts, gives travelers the opportunity to plunge into the Middle Ages. Therefore, it is worth visiting the castle of the famous Count Dracula, Transylvania, ancient cities and fortified churches. You can enjoy the beauty of the charming architecture of the Czech Republic at any time of the year, as well as taste delicious fried sausages, drink a glass of real beer. This European country invites tourists to visit Karlovy Vary, which has become popular due to the many springs with healing mineral waters.
Small but “proud” states, monarchy, flourishing capitalism – all this characterizes the western part of Europe. Countries such as Germany, Great Britain, France constantly attract tourists, but not everyone can afford them. The population here boasts a high standard of living. Therefore, a visiting tourist wants not only to take in all the sights and other famous objects, but also to see with his own eyes how people live, whether they take a taxi to visit a nearby shop.
According to the geographical location, the west of Europe consists of tiny countries – Liechtenstein and Luxembourg, the most popular tourist destinations in these parts – France and Germany. The list is supplemented by the United Kingdom (remote regions, for which their own place in the waters of the Atlantic Ocean is reserved). It should be noted that the division of the state is largely conditional; there are many versions and disputes about this.
Such tourism is more suitable for wealthy people. Here vacationers can soak up the beaches, visit many excursions, and improve their health. In winter, ski resorts in France are open for tourists, so that travelers can enjoy the beauty of the Alps, ride on steep snowy slopes. Vacationers are given the opportunity to learn languages: English, German, French.
Lovers of warmth, comfort, enjoyment of life are recommended to relax in countries located in the south of Europe. There is a mild climate and lacquered sea, healthy and delicious cuisine, a huge selection of wines, many famous sights. The variety of beaches is impressive: there are pebbles, white sands, rocky beaches. Tourism in this area is popular with shopping fans. The southern part includes:
- San Marino, Italy, Portugal and Andorra, Vatican, Spain (they occupy two peninsulas – Apennine, Iberian);
- Macedonia, Croatia, Serbia and Albania, Montenegro (states located on the Balkan Peninsula);
- Greece, Monaco (have their own access to the sea).
Summer is hot here, in winter the air temperature is up to +18 degrees Celsius. In addition to numerous excursions, beaches, contemplation of the excellent Alps, people come to exchange experiences, which allows you to make a Schengen visa.
Tourists are offered a wide range of cheeses, fish, fresh herbs, juicy tomatoes, olives. They can also enjoy seafood, various sweets, ripe fruits, tartlets.
The countries of the European center include Switzerland and Austria. Tourism in Austria, Switzerland can be associated with medical purposes. There are medical centers where internal organs are operated, plastic surgery, dentistry. Tourists visit these countries for the purpose of having fun in ski resorts, visiting the Vienna Opera or Philharmonic, shopping for real Swiss watches, Swarovski stones. Recently, business tourism is gaining popularity.
Inexpensively rest in sanatoriums located in mountainous areas with clean air, lakes, see medieval buildings, drink delicious beer, improve health with the help of mineral waters, hydrogen sulphide springs, vacationers can in the Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary. These countries of the east and west are also referred to the center of Europe.